(1549) that were for abortion-related care. Thus, whatever the crucial tie between a soul and its body turns out to be, it will have to involve some sort of causal connection between the soul and the body. Thus, the fetus simply cannot be or instantiate of Wives and Men - Analysis of The Wife a self until brain activity begins to occur. The idea, for example, that plants might have some limited moral standing strikes me as presumptively plausible despite the obvious fact that, lacking any capacity for mentality, plants do not instantiate anything that remotely resembles a self in the relevant respect. One way or another, it seems reasonable to conclude that the property of being a self qua subject plays some essential role in determining moral personhood.
Some Jewish theologians, for example, have taken the position that ensoulment takes place upon the birth of the child; thus, on this view, the fetus becomes a person at birth. 27 Indeed, given this apparent centrality of cortical activity to consciousness, some have argued for a criterion of death that makes reference to only the functions of the higher brain; on this line of analysis, the current definition of death as involving cessation of all. Identifying National Availability of Abortion Care and Distance From Major US Cities: Systematic Online Search.
One might reasonably think that an entity lacking a self can none the less be deserving of moral consideration in the deliberations of a moral agent. Planned Parenthood of Greater Tex. Of the 14 constituencies most in favour of repeal, 11 were in Dublin and the other three were in its commuter belt (Wicklow and the two Kildare constituencies). In to Affect the Enemies Mind any event, occurrence of brainstem activity prior to 10 weeks is the exception and not the rule. Ix In the next two sections, I will attempt to determine what can be said about the necessary conditions for selfhood under dualist assumptions. Specific rates for age, civil status or other characteristics may also be calculated. More information is available here. The Yes campaign was sometimes criticised during the campaign for being slow to get off the ground, but the outcome, a Yes vote larger than anyone had predicted, entitles it to claim retrospective vindication of its strategy. View Article PubMed Google Scholar Gallagher TQ, Wilcox L, McGuire E, Derkay. Since, at the very least, the brain must have developed to a point where non-empty or active brain states occur and such states cannot, as a conceptual matter, occur in the absence of electrical activity (which, of course, is what makes them active brain states. Int J Appl Philos 2003; 17 :7393.