about diversion of resources, thus altering the output pattern of some industries in a socially desirable manner. Notes for: Taxes and benefits lead to income being shared more equally. As this methodology is still under development it has not yet been adopted in the back series, therefore this improvement has caused a discontinuity for the latest period. For instance, a general income tax or expenditure tax is approximately non-differential. The estimated tax effects are large for the authors' preferred tax measures.
The effects of the tax structure and government spending on public services are complex and may have unexpected redistributive effects. In fact, the main object of a modern public policy is to promote a balanced regional growth, which calls for re-allocation of resources from advanced regions to economically backward regions. Thus, it is an unwise policy just to concentrate on the possible economic repercussions of taxation in any period, without considering the counteracting economic effects of public expenditure.
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This means that indirect taxes increase inequality of income. Special assessments on land values or land tax: When a land tax or any special assessment is to be borne by the landlord, whatever be the use of land, diversification of its use will not be beneficial, as its allocative effect would be nil. To measure the differential effects of tax policy on households, an estimate of disposable income that is sensitive to taxes paid on income and wealth and for social insurance is also planned. Les Picker, the Digest is not copyrighted and may be reproduced freely with appropriate attribution of source. Tax Effects on Work Activity, Industry Mix and Shadow Economy Size: Evidence from Rich-Country Comparisons (nber Working Paper. Sellers receive.60 per gallon after paying the tax.
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