beings became caught between their own untrammeled natures and the new teachings. Eisenstadt, Shmuel (1982 "The Axial Age: The Emergence of Transcendental Visions and the Rise of Clerics European Journal of Sociology, 23 (2 294314, doi :.1017/s. Professor Muesse explains Zoroaster's vision of a blissful afterlife for those who sided with good, but a hellish afterlife for those who chose evil. Lanham, MD: Rowman Littlefield. Around that axis is an era - from about 800 BCE to 200 BCE - designated as the "Axial Age" or " the Great Transformation. 19-22, finally, it is worth noting that, in this theory, religion is viewed as just the tip of the iceberg a reflection of a deeper, more intuitive and automatic psychological change. Zoroaster's apocalyptic vision may have been coupled with a bodily resurrection of the dead, in which those who had gone to heaven return again to Earth to continue life in physical form. Shmuel Eisenstadt analyses economic circumstances relating to the coming of the Axial Age in Greece.
Axial Age - Wikipedia The Significance of the Axial Age (the Great Transformation The Axial Age: 5 Fast Facts History and Religion, The Axial Age Religions: The Debate and its The Axial Age, previous eras, and consequences of the Axial Age
4 He argued that during the Axial Age, "the spiritual foundations of humanity were laid simultaneously and independently in China, India, Persia, Judea, and Greece. One's family, tribe, or group either joined in with this remarkable new movement, or, perhaps, became lost to the ages. According to Bellah, the Axial Age corresponds to the transition from mythic to theoretic culture. The early Daoists aligned the self with a larger, ultimately harmonious natural order. Retrieved Jaspers., The Origin and Goal of History,.1 Jaspers, Karl (2003).
3 Jasper's contribution was to claim that the Axial Age should be viewed as an objective empirical fact of history, independently of religious considerations. 15 Buddhism, also of the sramana tradition of India, was another of the world's most influential philosophies, founded by Siddhartha Gautama, or the Buddha, who lived during this period; its spread was aided by Ashoka, who lived late in the period. Our journey first takes us to the indigenous Indus Valley civilization, a culture focused on agriculture, goddess worship, and fertility, and its encounter with tribal nomads called Aryans, believed by most scholars to be from Central Asia No one is certain how this encounter took. Originally published as Jaspers, Karl (1949 Vom Ursprung und Ziel der Geschichte The origin and goal of History (in German) (1st. 7, by contrast, the Egyptian, Greek and Mesopotamian religions have had no obvious impact on today's religious and spiritual life. 9 Wider acknowledgement of Jaspers' work came after it was presented at a conference and published in Ddalus in 1975, and Jaspers' suggestion that the period was uniquely transformative generated important discussion amongst other scholars, such as Johann Arnason. Voegelin, Eric (2000) 1985. Such was the state of human beings, Jaspers believed, because of a lack a self-reflective, fully conscious self-. . Moreover, the claim that a new form of consciousness emerged in the Axial era is controversial; nonetheless it is sufficiently intriguing to warrant consideration.