worker (. Everywhere and always in the past men believed that nothing disturbed the common weal and public peace so much as religious dissensions and conflicts, and that, on the other hand, a uniform public faith was the surest guarantee for the State's stability and prosperity. These were then cited before the judges usually by the parish priest, although occasionally by the secular authorities and the trial began. They were numerous in Italy, Spain, Gaul and Germany. 782, 15 Sept., 1909). The heretic, in a word, was simply an outlaw whose offence, in the popular mind, deserved and sometimes received a punishment as summary as that which is often dealt out in our own day by an infuriated populace to the authors of justly detested crimes. On the one hand, the torture was continued until the accused confessed or intimated that he was willing to confess.
"The Spanish Inquisition" is a series of sketches in Monty Python's Flying Circus, Series 2 Episode 2, first broadcast 22 September 1970, parodying the real-life Spanish Inquisition. Although the number of people killed by the Spanish Inquisition has been exaggerated into the hundreds of thousands or even millions over the years, the executions actually totaled around 3,0005,000 people. But theres no doubt that it was a brutal institution.
An inquisition is a special Church institution for suppressing heresy.
To understand inquisitions, you must first understand two important facts.
The Spanish Inquisition: A Historical Revision Henry Kamen.
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Those accused of heresy were forced to testify. 1 "To consign a heretic to death is to commit an offence beyond atonement and in the next chapter he says that God forbids their execution, even as He forbids us to uproot cockle, but He does not forbid us to repel them, to deprive. It is also essential to note that the Inquisition, in its establishment and procedure, pertained not to the sphere of belief, but to that of discipline. Naturally enough, punishment as a legal sanction is always a hard and painful thing, whether decreed by civil or ecclesiastical justice. At Avila, 16 September, 1498) was the true organizer of the Spanish Inquisition. Innocent IV (11 July, 1254 Alexander IV (15 April, 1255, and 27 April, 1260 and Urban IV (2 August, 1264) strictly prescribed this institution of the boni viri.e. Witnesses for the defence hardly ever appeared, as they would almost infallibly be suspected of being heretics or favourable to heresy. In the severe legislation of the Old Testament ( Deuteronomy 13:6-9 ; 17:1-6 ) they found another argument. Schaff declares in his "History of the Christian Church" (vol. For the same reason those impeached rarely secured legal advisers, and were therefore obliged to make personal response to the main points of a charge. (See toms DE torquemada.) The Holy Office at Rome The great apostasy of the sixteenth century, the filtration of heresy into Catholic lands, and the progress of heterodox teachings everywhere, prompted Paul III to establish the "Sacra Congregatio Romanae et universalis Inquisitionis seu sancti officii". And Zanchi answers this second question in the affirmative, especially on the authority of "all pious and learned men who have written on the subject in our day" Historisch-politische Blatter, CXL, (1907.