not usually present. Microscopic haematuria with or without proteinuria may be seen. National Library of Medicine 8600 Rockville; MD, Bethesda; Usa, 20894. "Efficacy of two cyclophosphamide regimens for the treatment of lupus nephritis in Puerto Ricans: low versus standard dose". Multiple genes, many of which are not yet identified, mediate this genetic predisposition.
5 Diffuse proliferative lupus nephritis as seen in a pathology specimen Class IV disease ( diffuse proliferative nephritis ) is both the most severe, and the most common subtype. Your doctor will insert a long needle through your abdomen and into your kidney. Medications used in treatment can include: Corticosteroids. "Renal transplantation in lupus nephritis". Common treatments include: minimizing your intake of protein and salt taking blood pressure medication using steroids such as prednisone (Rayos) to reduce swelling and inflammation taking medicines to suppress your immune system such as cyclophosphamide or mycophenolate-mofetil (CellCept) Special consideration is given to children. 13 Class V is membranous nephritis and is characterized by extreme edema and protein loss. Lesions can be segmental or global, and active or chronic, with endocapillary or extracapillary proliferative lesions.